The country with of 2.02 square km became independent in the 15th century. The number of residents depends on the season but on average there are 37,000 people. When the Grand prix of Formula-1 takes place in Monaco, this number increases by seven times. Those who were born and raised in Monaco usually speak French, Italian, English, and Monegasque of the Ligurian dialect. In addition to the picturesque bay with yachts and the magnificent casino shown in one of the James Bond films, Monaco has a famous Oceanographic Museum, whose director was once Jacques Cousteau.
This rock in the south of Spain is the British Overseas Territory with 30,000 inhabitants and an area of approximately 6.5 square km. Part of the year the number of yachts here is quite comparable to the number of people. Direct flights from London land on a single runway, which then turns into the only road through which one can get from Gibraltar to Spain or from Spain to Gibraltar. The main Gibraltar landmark is the local topography. Most visitors spend time on the funicular, which takes them to the top of the cliff, from where you get to see beautiful views.
The Republic of San Marino is a small state in the Italian Apennines, stretching for 61 square km. There are 32,000 inhabitants. San Marino separated from the Roman Empire as early as in 301, but acquired its own constitution only in the 1600s. Nevertheless, the country is still considered the oldest sovereign state in the world. There are the euro printed in San Marino, although every year most of the 2 million tourists spend their own euros on unique stamps in passports and souvenirs with the white-and-blue flag of a dwarf state.
A tiny constitutional monarchy with 37,000 inhabitants hid between Switzerland and Austria. The country is ruled by a princely family, living just like in a fairy tale, in a castle on a mountain, from which a view of the capital opens. However, every summer locals are invited to the castle for beer. Despite its modest size (160 square km), Liechtenstein is more than a real place, which is very popular among hikers and runners.
Isle of Man
A lonely island in the Irish Sea is a dependent territory of Great Britain with self-government, 84 thousand people and an area of 572 square km. Visitors come on regular flights and a fast ferry from Liverpool. Time is spent in the Viking castle of Pyl, eating sweet scallops and buying collectible stamps. Local residents, known as Menz, demonstrate their national identity particularly brightly during the Tourist Trophy, an annual motocross on local roads without speed limits.